The different between 5005-H14 Aluminum and 5005-H34 Aluminum

2019-03-11

Both 5005-H14 aluminum and 5005-H34 aluminum are variants of the same material. They share alloy composition and many physical properties, but develop different mechanical properties as a result of different processing.
For each property being compared, the top bar is 5005-H14 aluminum and the bottom bar is 5005-H34 aluminum.

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness
48

43
Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa
68

68
Elongation at Break, %
5.0

7.3
Fatigue Strength, MPa
68

74
Poisson's Ratio
0.33

0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa
26

26
Shear Strength, MPa
96

96
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa
160

160
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa
140

130

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g
400

400
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C
180

180
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C
650

650
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C
630

630
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K
900

900
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K
200

200
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K
24

24

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS
52

52
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS
170

170

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative
9.5

9.5
Calomel Potential, mV
-740

-740
Density, g/cm3
2.7

2.7
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material
8.3

8.3
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg
150

150
Embodied Water, L/kg
1190

1190

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3
7.7

11
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3
140

120
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points
14

14
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points
50

50
Strength to Weight: Axial, points
17

16
Strength to Weight: Bending, points
24

24
Thermal Diffusivity, m2/s
82

82
Thermal Shock Resistance, points
7.1

7.0

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